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Government of South Africa


The Republic of South Africa is a parliamentary republic with a three-tier system of government and an independent judiciary, operating in a parliamentary system.

The national government is composed of three inter-connected branches:

  • Legislative: Parliament, consisting of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces
  • Executive: The President, who is both Head of State and Head of Government
  • Judicial: The Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court of Appeal, and the High Court
  List of South African Presidents Till Date


  • Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
  • National legislature: Bicameral Parliament elected every five years, comprising a 400-seat National Assembly and a 90-seat National Council of Provinces.
  • Electoral system: List-system of proportional representation based on universal adult suffrage.
  • Elections: National elections were held in 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014. The next national election will take place in 2019.
  • Head of state: The President is elected by the National Assembly. Under the Constitution, the President is permitted to serve a maximum of two five-year terms.
  • Highest court: Constitutional Court
  List of South African Politicians 2020
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