Types of Marriage in South Africa

0 Shares

Marriage is a union between two or more individuals to become husband and wife. A marriage must be lawful must be with the consent of both parents and the parties involved.

Different types of marriage exist in South Africa today. Below are types of marriage that exist in South Africa and their requirements.

Types of Marriage in South Africa

Types of Marriage in South Africa

1. Customary marriage

This marriage is done based on customary law. It is seen as the traditional form of marriage and is also still the most common type of marriage entered into today.

The requirements and procedure for a Civil Marriage are:

  • Both parties must give valid consent;
  • Both parties must be 18 years or older;
    • If younger than 18 years old, the parents or legal guardian must give consent; or an application to the High Court must be made;
  • The marriage must be performed by an authorized marriage officer in terms of the Marriages Act; these include;
    • Religious Ministers;
    • Designated officials of the Department of Home Affairs;
    • Judges, etc.
  • After the marriage ceremony;
    • The marriage officer and two witnesses must sign the marriage register;
    • The marriage officer must then give the couple a marriage certificate;
  • The signed register and certificate must be lodged at the Department of Home Affairs, so the details of the marriage can be recorded.
  • Polygamy is prohibited under this form of marriage.
ALSO READ:  Understanding Pay As You Earn Taxes (PAYE) in South Africa

2. Customary Marriage

A Customary Marriage is a marriage that is negotiated, celebrated or entered into in terms of Customary Law.

Customary Laws are the customs or usages traditionally observed by the indigenous African people. The requirements for a valid Customary Marriage are:

  • Both parties must validly consent to the marriage;
  • Both parties must be 18 years or older;
    • Parents or legal guardians of a minor may consent to the marriage or an application to the High Court may be made;
  • Must be concluded in terms of Customary Law.
ALSO READ:  Top 10 National Newspapers in South Africa 2019

Customary Marriages must be registered at the Department of Home Affairs. The couple, along with representatives from each family, needs to take their valid ID books and their Lobola agreement to the Department of Home Affairs.

If there is no Department of Home Affairs in the region, the registration can take place through a Traditional Leader. Customary Law allows for polygamy.

To register more than one Customary Marriage, the man must get a competent court to give a court order regulating the matrimonial property system of the marriage.

3. Civil Union

A Civil Union is a marriage between two people of the same gender. The requirements for a Civil Union in South Africa are;

  • Both parties must be 18 years or older;
  • Both parties must validly consent;
  • Neither party may be already married in terms of any other law;
  • The marriage must be conduct by an authorized marriage officer.
  • The marriage must be registered at the Department of Home Affairs; in order to register the marriage the following is needed;
    • Valid South African ID books (or cards) or passport if one spouse is not a citizen of South Africa;
    • A completed Declaration for the Purpose of Marriage form;
    • A Civil Union Register must be completed by the Marriage Officer;
    • A Registration of Civil Union form, in which the couple indicates whether they are entering a Civil Union Partnership or Civil Union Marriage
ALSO READ:  10 Most Visited Websites in South Africa (2019)

References

  • Dutoitsattorney
0 Shares

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *